* David Lawson is a licensed private investigator in Florida. He followed these
stalking groups, on and off, for 12 years. He also rode with them. In a recent email, regarding Canadian groups,
David Lawson said the following: "When I rode with the group in Niagara Falls/Buffalo, we would seamlessly hook up
with Canadians when we crossed the border, and they would ride with us stateside, occasionally." This gives an
indication of just how extensive and well-organized these stalking groups are.
Right-wing extremist groups (eg. World Church of the Creator (WCOTC) and the Aryan Nations) (9)
Left-wing extremist groups (9)
Special interest extremists: (11)
Because their individual membership is quite small, extremist groups tend to network locally. They’re made up of a combination of some people from many different groups in an area. (9)
Groups cloak their true identities by posing as: (23)
Back to Top8. What do the group members get out of it?(15)
They believe they are fulfilling the ‘higher purpose’ of the group, even though they may only have a general idea of the ideology of the group.
They are having fun with their friends, and that fun involves stalking and harassing various targets and engaging in other civil disobedience.
The people who are attracted to groups which engage in cause stalking are those who feel powerless, inferior and angry. They are empowered by the group.
Back to Top9. What is the psychology behind all this?
This is a game:(36-37)
Groups are rallied by the constant “victories” they win in the games they play with their targets.
It does not matter to the group that the targets are not playing a game.
It does not matter whether the target even knows what is going on around him.
It is most important that other group members know what they are doing.
This is their entertainment(45)
This is an addiction:(15)
Many become addicted to it.
It fulfills some of their human needs (see above).
This is an obsession:
Groups are obsessed with every aspect of their target's lives. (37)
They spend considerable time describing to one another, what they did, and the target's reaction, although it may not be true. (43)
These groups are cults: (37)
Groups are introverted - their interaction with one another is more important than their interaction with a target. (36)
Public officials (including local politicians and bureaucrats), IRS agents, Treasury agents.
Activists of all kinds, but especially civil rights activists.
Identity or white supremacist groups target:
African Americans and
Public officials, including Police officers, who have been accused of wrongdoing.
Those in the media, including radio, television and publishing, especially those who are Jewish and those with fame, but not enough money to isolate themselves from these groups.
Groups typically target any judge presiding over the trial of one of their members.
Groups also attack targets of convenience. These people are selected because they are convenient targets, and not for any other reason. These include loners who tend to be more vulnerable to their harassment tactics than those with family and friends around them. Targets of convenience are used to for practice.
Sexual predators, whose names, addresses and photos are public information which is available on government websites.
In small towns, where extremist groups can actually have some power, they also target new people in town who don't know anyone. The attitude of the extremists is that they control their areas and unknown people can't be trusted.
Animal rights activists stalk those who own fur ranches, furriers, research scientists working in the field of biomedical research using animals, executives of McDonalds, etc.
Eco-terrorists target politicians, loggers, etc.
Groups normally also attack the family, friends, and associates of a target and even the businesses he patronizes.
Back to Top11. What purpose does the target serve to the group?(24)
The group members are not acting under the direct orders of anyone – i.e. leaders identify targets, but it is up to followers to decide what to do about them.
Back to Top13. What are the group’s objectives?
To harass the target constantly. (32)
To provoke any reaction. (43)
To make sure the target knows he is being watched (also known as ”sensitizing” the target). (32)
To try and find ways of making the target interact with them (regardless of whether a target is taking the garbage out in the morning, driving to work or sitting in a local coffee shop).
Ideally, a target will not be able to go anywhere in public without having to deal with them in some way. (37)
To destroy a person’s life by attacking the weakest point, which could include a spouse, children or elderly relatives. (47)
Turning the tables around on a group, by following one of their vehicles, for example, is precisely what they want. Chasing it is even better. If they can occupy a target's time that way, they will have a very successful day. They are on patrol. It is not possible to waste their time. As always, a target risks having criminal charges filed against him and there will be more than enough witnesses. (45)
Property must be secured, but a target cannot let a group control his time. He must also realize that he cannot control their time. (46)
Groups will sometimes install audio bugs in the residence of a target. Typically, they use inexpensive bugs which broadcast on a frequency which can be monitored by other group members using scanners. Expensive bugs are reserved for high level targets.
If they do install a bug, group members will be able to listen to the target inside his home. Typically they use low power bugs, which do not broadcast very far, so they don't attract too much attention.
They will also monitor frequencies used by baby monitors, wireless intercoms, etc. If they are able to, they will also monitor cell phone conversations. Conventional scanners can be used to listen to conversations conducted on older cordless phones and 800 and 900 MHz. cell phones. Digital scanners are available from Canada and Mexico which can be used to eavesdrop on the conversations of newer cell phones. Only one side of the conversation is heard on a frequency. New cell phones change their broadcast frequencies frequently, which leaves gaps in the conversation, for those who are listening.
The primary targets of all these tactics are the group members, not the target. The group members are the ones who are programmed. Group leaders define reality for their members, so it doesn't matter if tactics do not work on a target.
Group members are sensitized to all the tactics they employ.(42)
Stalking various targets is only part of the activity of these groups. Members are trained to perform a variety of activities without question. They do not know the objectives of their leaders. (51)
Those targeted for harassment will have no problem concluding that someone is after them, but most never know who it is. (43)
Groups have no respect for the law or for those who enforce it. (45)
They consider themselves to be superior to the Police, partially because of the crimes they get away with. (45)
Groups take pride that they never quit. Actually, they do, but it takes a long intensive effort by the Police. (45)
In small towns, the number of members in these groups can easily exceed the number of Police officers. (48)
Groups claim that they have the support of some Police officers. If so, it is not many. (50)
Most Police officers, except those in the South, are not familiar with the way groups operate. (50)
In general, the Police will not talk about stalking groups. (48)
One officer did say that there is a storm brewing as groups become larger and more numerous. (48)
When approaching the police, it is necessary to speak with officers who handle extremist groups. (50)
Back to Top22. The Use of “Coercive Persuasion” to control cult members
Coercion is defined as, "to restrain or constrain by force...". Legally it often implies the use of physical force, or physical or legal threat. This traditional concept of coercion is far better understood than the technological concepts of "coercive persuasion" which are effective restraining, impairing, or compelling through the gradual application of psychological forces. (37)
Over time, coercive persuasion, a psychological force akin in some ways to our legal concepts of undue influence, can be even more effective than pain, torture, drugs, and use of physical force and legal threats. (38)
With coercive persuasion you can change people's attitudes without their knowledge and volition. (38)
The advances in the extreme anxiety and emotional stress production technologies found in coercive persuasion supersede old style coercion that focuses on pain, torture, drugs, or threat in that these older systems do not change attitude so that subjects follow orders "willingly." Coercive persuasion changes both attitude and behavior, not just behavior. (38)
Coercive persuasion, or thought reform as it is also known, is best understood as a coordinated system of graduated coercive influence and behavior controls designed to deceptively and surreptitiously manipulate and influence individuals, usually in a group setting, in order for the originators of the program to profit in some way, normally financially or politically. (38)
Using rewards and punishments, efforts are made to establish considerable control over a person's social environment, time, and sources of social support. Social isolation is promoted. (38)
Non-physical punishments are used to create strong aversive emotional arousals, such as: (39)
There are Internet newsgroups which cater to stalking victims. These groups are heavily populated with members of extremist groups. They pose as victims. Their posts relate to the latest hi-tech weapons, and information about how they are being used against them.
A victim should not confide in the people in these groups because the information they provide will be used to enhance the attack against them.(50)
Back to Top24. U.S. Department of Justice defines “Vengeance/Terrorism Stalking”
The final stalking category is fundamentally different from the other three. Vengeance stalkers do not seek a personal relationship with their targets. Rather, vengeance/terrorist stalkers attempt to elicit a particular response or a change of behavior from their victims. When vengeance is their prime motive, stalkers seek only to punish their victims for some wrong they perceive the victim has visited upon them. In other words, they use stalking as a means to "get even" with their enemies.
The most common scenario in this category involves employees who stalk employers after being fired from their job. Invariably, the employee believes that their dismissal was unjustified and that their employer or supervisor was responsible for unjust treatment. One bizarre variation on this pattern is the case of a scout master who was dismissed for inappropriate conduct and subsequently decided to stalk his entire former scout troop - scouts and scout leaders alike.
A second type of vengeance or terrorist stalker, the political stalker, has motivations that parallel those of more traditional terrorists. That is, stalking is a weapon of terror used to accomplish a political agenda. Utilizing the threat of violence to force the stalking target to engage in or refrain from engaging in particular activity. For example, most prosecutions in this stalking category have been against anti-abortionists who stalk doctors in an attempt to discourage the performance of abortions.